Charleston History Commission approves language for John C. Calhoun plaque

Charleston History Commission approves language for John C. Calhoun plaque

CHARLESTON, SC (WCSC) - City officials announced that the Charleston Commission on History has approved language for a plaque to be erected at the John C. Calhoun statue in Marion Square in downtown.

This comes after some people called for the statue's removal.

Mayor John Tecklenburg has said that instead of taking it down, the entire story needed to be told about Calhoun. One board member says the plaque is needed to paint the full picture of Calhoun.

The newly proposed text is as follows:

This monument to John C. Calhoun (1782-1850), erected in 1896, was the culmination of efforts begun in 1858 to commemorate his career. It was erected at a time, after Reconstruction, when most white South Carolinians believed in white supremacy, and the state enacted legislation establishing racial segregation. These ideas are now universally condemned.

Calhoun served as Vice-President of the United States under two presidents, as U.S. Secretary of War, as U.S. Secretary of State, as a U.S. Senator from South Carolina and as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives. A political theorist, he was the author of two important works on the U.S. Constitution and the Federal Government.

A member of the Senate's "Great Triumvirate," which included Daniel Webster of Massachusetts and Henry Clay of Kentucky, Calhoun championed states' rights and nullification, the right of an individual state to invalidate a federal law which it viewed as unconstitutional.

Unlike many of the founding fathers, who viewed the enslavement of Africans as "a necessary evil" possibly to be overcome, Calhoun defended the institution of race-based slavery as a "positive good."

The statue remains standing today as a reminder that many South Carolinians once viewed Calhoun as worthy of memorialization even though his political positions included his support of race-based slavery, an institution repugnant to the core ideas and values of the United States of America.

Historic preservation, to which Charleston is dedicated, includes this monument as a lesson to future generations of the importance of historical context when examining individuals and events in our state's past. 

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